Dengue is one of the most dreadful mosquito-borne diseases. If left untreated, it can be life-threatening and life-taking as well. If you consider the statistics, dengue has increased 30 percent of the total cases over the last 50 years. On average, it has put the globe at risk. Not just a few but many countries are majorly affected by dengue.Most of us are aware that dengue is caused by the transmission of Aedes Aegypti Mosquito bite and mosquitos that carry the same genes as Aedes.
If you have any concerns related to the severity and effects of dengue, then you have landed the right page. In this article, we shall cover major topics related to dengue and also answer some of the most common questions related to this mosquito-borne disease.
What is dengue?
Dengue can happen to anyone and anywhere. If you have not taken good precautions then the virus is likely to affect you much worse. Dengue is a kind of viral infection that is transmitted through an insect bite. However, not all mosquitoes can pass dengue to humans; only the infected mosquitoes transmit this virus to humans.
This virus that causes dengue is also known as DENV (Dengue Virus). The severe stage of dengue means severe illness and even death in many cases. Unfortunately, there is no proper treatment for dengue especially when it is not detected early. To share another fact, dengue is found mainly in urban and semi-urban areas.
Considering the estimate of affected humans, about 80% have shown mild and asymptomatic signs. Although DENV shows mild reactions, it has also shown acute flu-like illness. Thus, prevention is always better than cure.
Dengue fever and its severity:
As most of us are aware now that dengue is caused due to transmission of an infected mosquito bite. It is also considered a vector-borne disease. The virus caused in the body due to Dengue can be classified into four types; DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4.
If we consider the numbers, more than 3 billion people are living in dengue risked countries. Thus, the more knowledge you have about this virus, the early you can take action and precautions.
Before we step to the core topic of mosquito that are responsible to cause dengue, let’s also understand the various symptoms that can help you begin treatment asap.
Symptoms of dengue fever:
Headaches, nausea, rash, pain in the eyes, vomiting, muscle ache, joint pain, and swollen glands are some most common symptoms of dengue fever. In its developing stage, it takes about 3 to 7 days for dengue to become worse.
You need to take immediate action and get admitted for any of the below signs as these indicate symptoms of severe dengue stage:
- Acute abdominal pain
- Rapid or shortage of breathing
- Fatigue / unconsciousness
- Severe weakness
- Continuous vomiting
- Bleeding in the gums
- Blood in vomiting
Any or all of the above signs indicate that the patient needs to be immediately rushed to the hospital under emergency circumstances. Ignoring the above signs can lead to multiple organ failures in some cases which could be life-threatening.
How can we cure dengue from mosquito bites?
Unfortunately, dengue doesn’t have any specific medication or vaccine to prevent or treat it. The patient is expected to seek immediate medical attention and pay special attention to diet. They are supposed to drink plenty of fluids. To reduce fever and joint pain, Paracetamol is mainly used under medical supervision. There are other medications to reduce or stop bleeding as well.
There are preventive measures to keep the mosquito away. If you follow these well, it is unlikely that you will get infected or affected by any type of mosquito. Follow these simple and effective methods to prevent dengue from catching and spreading.
- Minimize the mosquito entry into your house or location where you spend the most time.
- Keep a check in your house for any types of insects.
- Use mosquito repellents wherever possible.
- Always prefer to wear covered clothing wherever possible.
- Do not let the water settle in your location.
- Keep your house ventilated and airy by using net wherever possible.
- Limit your outings and stay at locations where you have water logging issues.
How can we prevent dengue from a mosquito?
Always stay protected from all types of mosquitoes. Set up proper net beds, use mosquito repellents, and install mosquito killer lamps wherever necessary. Use mesh for windows and doors.It is difficult to track or trace an infected mosquito. Thus, keeping all of them away with proper precautions can help from catching the dengue virus.
One of the best ways to stay protected is to get yourself checked by a doctor if you have traveled to a country in the last two weeks that has a history or record of dengue cases. Seek doctor’s advice and follow all the medical advice suggested by them.
Which mosquitoes are responsible to spread dengue?
Dengue is mainly caused by the bite of a female mosquito. These are also referred to as Aedes Aegypti. Other species of insects consisting of the Aedes genus can also become vectors however; the Aedes Aegypti mosquito is the prime reason to cause dengue.
At first, the mosquito gets infected when it bites and sucks the blood of a person who contains the virus. Then, the infected mosquito bites others and spread dengue. These infected mosquitoes are also responsible for spreading other similar dreadful diseases like Zika and Chikungunya.
These mosquitoes starve to bite people and live indoors mainly or where there is a presence of people around. They majorly settle their eggs in areas like flower pots, cases, pet dishes, trash cans, or anything that holds wet garbage or dirty water.
There is no specific time for the infection as these mosquitoes can bite any time of the day or night, indoors, or outdoors. A mosquito that bites a person with this virus infects other persons by biting them. The worse thing is even a pregnant woman infected with dengue can spread it to her child during pregnancy or at the time of birth.
Your house interiors and design must include steps that do not let any insects and mites settle inside. Only then, you can expect a healthy living and lifestyle.Always keep mosquito repellents like mosquito spray, mosquito cream handy. Despite the measures, if you find any signs of dengue with you or anyone, do not panic. Put the patient to rest, keep him/her hydrated, and seek medical advice immediately.